This is a summary of the bills the Maine Ambulance Association tracked during the 128th Legislature (2017-2018). The effective date for non-emergency laws passed during the second regular session (2018) is August 1, 2018. Emergency legislation became effective immediately upon signing by the Governor, or in the case of a veto upon final passage of the Legislature
If there is other legislation you are interested in, please visit the Maine Office of Policy and Legal Analysis to view their list of bill summaries.
LD 958 An Act To Enact the Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act
Public Law Chapter 396
This law adopts selected provisions of the Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act:
- 1. It defines "volunteer health practitioner" as an individual who provides health services or veterinary services, whether or not the individual receives compensation, as long as the individual is not providing services in this State as part of a preexisting employment relationship. "Volunteer health practitioner" also includes individuals who are not state residents who provide health services or veterinary services in this State 2 while employed by a disaster relief organization.
- 2. It provides for advanced registration of volunteer health practitioners from this State or other states who agree to provide health services or veterinary services during a civil emergency or health emergency in this State declared by the Governor or the Department of Health and Human Services. Registration systems must determine whether registrants are licensed to provide health services or veterinary services and are in good standing with the relevant licensing entities in this State and other states.
- 3. It authorizes volunteer health practitioners licensed in other states to provide health services and veterinary services in this State during a declared civil emergency or public health emergency. While an emergency declaration is in effect, the Department of Health and Human Services, in coordination with the Department of Defense, Veterans and Emergency Management, Maine Emergency Management Agency, may limit the duration and geographical areas in which a volunteer health practitioner may practice as well as types of volunteer health practitioners who are authorized to provide health services or veterinary services.
- 4. It requires a volunteer health practitioner to comply with both the scope of practice laws in this State and the scope of practice laws in the state where the individual is licensed while providing health services or veterinary services in this State during a declared emergency. The Governor or the Governor's designee may by order modify or restrict the health services or veterinary services that a volunteer health practitioner may provide during a declared emergency.
- 5. It subjects a volunteer health practitioner to discipline by the appropriate state licensing board for health services or veterinary services provided in this State during a declared emergency. An individual who is licensed in Maine and who provides health services or veterinary services during a declared emergency in another state as a volunteer health practitioner is also subject to discipline by the appropriate state licensing board.
- 6. It protects a volunteer health practitioner from civil liability for injury or death arising out of the provision of health services or veterinary services in accordance with the requirements of the uniform act to the same extent that a health care practitioner in this State is protected from civil liability for volunteer activities under the Maine Health Security Act.
- 7. It authorizes the Department of Health and Human Services to adopt rules to implement the uniform act in consultation with the Maine Emergency Management Agency and rule-making agencies in other states that have adopted similar legislation.
LD 1249 An Act To Create the Emergency Medical Services Registration Plate
Public Law, Chapter 302
Authorized the Secretary of State to issue emergency medical services registration plates to persons who are licensed by the Emergency Medical Services' Board and certified by the Director of Maine Emergency Medical Services within the Department of Public Safety.
LD 1735 An Act To Authorize Regional Medical Control Committees to Have Access to Maine Emergency Medical Services Data for Purposes of Quality Improvement (Emergency)
Public Law, Chapter 373
Authorizes the EMS Board to provide data on emergency medical services to a regional medical control committee to carry out a plan of quality improvement approved by the Board. The EMS Board shall adopt rules that allow access to data provided by an ambulance service in a manner that will comply with federal and state laws regarding privacy.
LD 1714 An Act To Clarify Liability Pertaining to the Collection of Debts of MaineCare Providers by the Department of Health and Human Services (Emergency)
This bill clarifies requirements for the definition of an ownership or control relationship for purposes of determining when the Department of Health and Human Services may offset debts owed to the department by a provider against current MaineCare reimbursement due to that provider or an entity related to that provider. It clarifies that the department may not offset current reimbursement owed to an entity related by ownership or control to the provider unless the person whose relationship is the subject of the offset has the voting power to govern the operation of the provider owing the debt. The bill prohibits the department from imposing liability for a debt owed by a provider on any person except a provider notified in accordance with statute of the debt or a person subject to collection by offset. The bill retains the provision in current law allowing the department to recover a debt by seeking a civil penalty for a false claim. (Passed 6/21/18)
LD 1762 An Act To Ensure Sustainable Health Care Access in the Jackman Region (Emergency)
The original bill was to appropriate $495,000 to the Jackman Community Health Center to ensure sustainable health care access in the Jackman region; however, it was amended to reduce this amount to $150 for FY 2018-2019 and passed on 6/21/18